It is estimated that up to 13 percent of all reported cases of Achilles tendonitis is as a result of some sort of athletics injury (usually, overexertion of the foot and calf muscles). The condition affects the Achilles tendon, which is the large tendon located at the rear of the ankle – the largest tendon in the body. Its function is to attach the calf muscles to the calcaneus or the bone of the heel. This is a vital tendon and the largest in the body, and it is responsible for providing the power needed to push the body forward when walking or running by lifting the heel.
What Is Achilles Tendonitis?
Tendinitis of the Achilles tendon is an inflammatory condition that varies in severity and can at times be debilitating. Actually one of the main symptoms of the condition is the occurrence of consistent pain around the affected area that often goes on for days. In some instances, the pain may tend to ease a little bit after some exercise or rest. Another common symptom is significant tenderness around the affected area upon palpation (applied pressure) either by the patient or a physician.
The main cause of this condition is usually over-exertion; however other causes include an increase in a workout routine, lack of adequate rest, wearing inappropriate shoes as well as having weak muscles around the calf area.
There are several ways to treat this ailment and the most common procedure is cold therapy (usually the application of an ice pack to the affected area). This has not only a calming effect but it also reduces swelling and inflammation. The use of special heel inserts, or orthotic insoles, are useful in the treatment of the condition because when the heel is raised the work the tendon is required to do is reduced, lessening the amount of contraction and thus reducing the pain. Only the most severe cases require the use of a plaster cast to encase the injured part of the lower leg, although foot splints can be used to good effect.
If the symptoms appear, ensure that you get professional help in order to understand the true extent of the injury. The severity of the condition will determine the correct treatment options. Self-treatment may have an adverse affect on the tendon, so it is important to get a thorough diagnosis in the first instance.
How Do You Cure Achilles Tendonitis?
Since the Achilles tendonitis – an injury in the lower part of heels – is becoming very common in athletes or runners, many new techniques that cure Achilles tendonitis are coming up. Luckily, there is no need for surgical treatments for this injury, but if not cared for, this injury could develop into a serious problem, leading to multiple injuries.
The first thing to do in the case of Achilles tendonitis is to apply ice. Icing will help reduce swelling and to control the amount of blood flowing through the tendons. The next thing to do is to stretch your ankles, in such a manner that the heels feel a tad pressurized; you may overdo it at times, so make sure that your stretching doesn’t apply excessive pressure on the heels. As another exercise, you could start moving your feet in circles with your heels as a point of the axis; this will help in allowing your tendons to be a little more flexible and you could avoid any stiffness in or around the joints. One should try to avoid getting stiff joints, because, in such conditions, one is rendered unable to walk. The above-stated methods are all a few actions to be taken immediately.
In any case, one should start taking as much rest as possible for the next few days. Since there should not be any pressure applied to the heel, the tendons would never heal if not rested properly. You should try to avoid walking as far as possible; and yet, after doing all of this, if the pain wouldn’t subside pay a visit to a physiotherapist. Nobody else could cure Achilles tendonitis quickly than these specialists.
Most certainly, a physiotherapist can come in handy in such times; they know about these tendons and the movement of the feet should be in such conditions. A physiotherapist might prescribe you to wear a brace or apply padding near you heel, so as to provide sufficient heat to your tendons to recover. They cure Achilles tendonitis by setting your recuperation process against the normal recovery time, and it in some cases may take many weeks.
Achilles Tendonitis Treatment
Achilles tendonitis is a condition mostly caused by overuse of the Achilles tendon. Most people report the pain of Achilles tendonitis is present at the back of the heel where the Achilles tendon connects with the heel bone. Only the most severe cases of Achilles tendonitis require surgical intervention – usually when there is a rupture – with most cases able to be cured by more conservative at-home treatments. It is important to pay attention to your body and treat Achilles tendonitis symptoms as soon as they appear. Without treatment, the Achilles tendon can weaken over time until the tendon tears, which will require extensive rehabilitation and a lengthy period of recovery.
Since overuse is what causes Achilles tendonitis in the majority of cases, one of the most effective treatments is rest. Because most of us cannot or do not want to completely rest our legs, treating Achilles tendonitis often includes reduced activity levels combined with conservative treatments and low impact exercises. For people who like to stay active, swimming or bicycling can be a great alternative to exercises that put a high strain on the Achilles tendon like running or sports. Additionally, activities such as running can be limited in both intensity and duration to rest the Achilles tendon while still pursuing these activities.
Putting ice on the Achilles tendon can bring immediate pain relief as well as help with permanently curing Achilles tendonitis. An ice pack or ice wrapped in a towel can be placed on the Achilles tendon for ten to fifteen minutes before and after exercise. Some people find it useful to wrap an ace bandage around the ice pack and ankle to hold the ice pack in place. Others lie on their stomachs with the ice pack balancing on their Achilles tendon. Another method of is to gently rub a piece of ice into the sore areas around the back of the heel. As with all icing, remove the ice if your skin becomes numb.
Stretching, both before and after exercise, can help to alleviate the symptoms of Achilles tendonitis. To stretch your Achilles tendon, stand with one foot about two feet behind the other. Bend your front leg into a lunge until you feel the calf in your back leg stretching. Then slightly bend your back leg until you feel the stretch in your Achilles tendon. Hold this position for twenty seconds, before switching legs if your plantar fasciitis affects both feet.
While running or walking, compression on the Achilles tendon can help to reduce pain and inflammation. To accomplish compression, a small ace bandage can be wrapped around the ankle, and an elastic ankle brace can be worn, or an item designed specifically for Achilles tendonitis can be purchased.
As with many feet and ankle problems, proper footwear is essential for prevention and treatment. Supportive footwear with good arch supports assures correct alignment of the feet and ankles during each step, making sure that shoes are not loose and fit properly will ease the strain. For people suffering from moderate to severe Achilles tendonitis, heel lifts can be inserted into shoes to decrease the amount of strain on the Achilles tendon. It is important that heel lifts be used on a temporary or infrequent basis as the Achilles tendon can become too short, causing further problems, if heel lifts are worn consistently over a long period of time.
What Happens to Untreated Achilles Tendonitis?
It’s a must to cure Achilles tendonitis as early as possible, as it turns to become chronic. This is a common running injury affecting dancers, basketball players and people inflicting continuous stress. A person realizes he is suffering from Achilles tendonitis on feeling a pop at the lower ankle causing extreme pain restricting simple movements such as walking.
Achilles tendon is a strong cord connecting the heel bone to its lower leg and any tear in this tendon hurts walking as the tendon facilitates raising your toes or pushing your foot while walking. People suffering from this hear a popping sound and experience a feeling like someone has hit them on the back of the foot.
Don’t keep yourself at home hoping that certain home remedies are good enough to cure Achilles tendonitis; it cannot be cured at home with rest, ice and simple treatments. This involves surgery to repair the tear. As the calf muscles get detached from the heel bone, it will not heal on its own. Immediate attention is mandatory to avoid permanent disability.
Times have changed now and people can get professional therapeutic devices to give pain relief at affordable prices within the comfort of your own home. Untreated Achilles tendonitis may plague you forever; hence you need to look for Quality therapeutic ultrasound assists to cure Achilles tendonitis by decreasing inflammation and flushing toxins. It also assists in breaking the scar tissue on reducing inflammation. Immediately buy professional ankle freezie wrap so that it reduces inflammation and also an ankle inferno wrap to enhance blood flow to the affected area.
Above all, with the pain disappearing, you are not healed fully to resume normal activities as this causes serious damage. This implies that re-straining tendons should be strictly avoided.
The Achilles tendon is a very sensitive and delicate tissue and should be handled with great care, because without proper management, the injury to the tendon could easily recur and possibly further damage may result, requiring more extensive treatment. A combination of good treatment and proper management is important when dealing with cases of Achilles tendinitis as with other related foot ailments.